Two Star Master Instructor

(ISO 14413-2, CMAS 2 Star Instructor, RSTC Recreational Scuba Instructor)

(ISO 11107)

  1. Chapter 2

Standard

Basic Requirements

  1. Aim of the training programme

1.1 This training programme aims at refreshing the knowledge of experienced PTRD One Star

Instructors with regard to the basic concepts, principles and instructional techniques for diver

education and training and introducing them to the instructional techniques involved in the teaching

of advanced, rescue and entry-level leadership Diver Training Programmes, which will enable them

to present these PTRD Diver Training Programmes in a safe and competent manner.

  1. Classification

2.1 The PTRD Two Star Instructor is classified as competent to deliver all PTRD basic Diver training

programmes i.e. Diver One, Two and Three Star levels and assist in Instructor courses.

  1. Instructor and Assistant Requirements

3.1 The PTRD One Star Instructor Training Programme may be presented by any PTRD Instructor

with a minimum of a PTRD Three Star Instructor Trainer grading that complies with the requirements as

prescribed by Clause 2.1.16 of the definitions in Chapter 1.  PTRD Three Star Instructor Trainers shall be scuba instructors of senior standing and of higher qualification than a level 2 Star Master Scuba instructor and shall have received specific training in the education and development of scuba instructors.

PTRD Three Star Instructor Trainers shall have an extensive knowledge of pedagogy and relevant educational systems and shall be qualified and sanctioned by PTRD as being able to teach and evaluate scuba instructors.

PTRD Three Star Instructor Trainers may take the role of trainers or examiners of scuba instructor candidates in accordance with the procedures defined by such PTRD.

3.2 The PTRD Three Star Instructor may be assisted by a PTRD Two Star Instructor that complies

with Clause 2.1.16 of the definitions in Chapter 1.

  1. Competencies of a certified PTRD Two Star Instructor

4.1 A PTRD Two Star Instructor shall be trained such that, when assessed by a PTRD Three

Star Instructor, he shall be deemed to have a professional level of knowledge of diving

theory, a professional level of knowledge of theoretical, confined and open water teaching

and supervising skills, solid rescue skills, dive management and supervision abilities,

exemplary diving skills and sufficient diving experience:

4.1.1 To teach, assess and certify candidates on all PTRD Sport Diver Training Programmes,

the PTRD Three Star Diver Training Programme as well as the PTRD Rescue Diver

Training Programme in accordance with the prescribed PTRD Diver Training

Standards on their theoretical knowledge, confined and open water skills;

4.1.2 To teach, access and certify participants on all the PTRD Speciality Diver Training

Programmes for which he himself has successfully completed the appropriate PTRD

Speciality Diver Training Programmes and/or Speciality Instructor Training

Programmes which are allowed to be presented by a PTRD Two Star Instructor in

terms of the relevant PTRD Diver Training Standards on their theoretical knowledge,

confined and open water skills and other practical skills.

4.1.3 To act as an Instructional Assistant to a PTRD Three Star Instructor during the

presentation of PTRD One and Two Star Instructor Training Programmes.

4.2 The parameters within which the PTRD Two Star Instructor is qualified to dive are those

applicable to the other diver training certifications he already holds.

  1. Prerequisites for participation in the training programme

5.1 In order to gain access to the PTRD Two Star Instructor Training Programme, the

participant shall:

5.1.1 Be at least eighteen (18) years of age; there is no upper limit;

5.1.2 Hold the following PTRD Diver Training or equivalent certifications:

  1. 1.2.1 PTRD One Star Instructor Training Programme;

5.1.3 Submit proof of at least one hundred (150) logged open water dives that shall include

night dives, limited visibility dives, deeper dives (between thirty (30) to forty (40)

meters), drift dives, dives in colder water and navigation dives;

5.1.4 Effectively demonstrate his basic watermanship ability by performing, to a PTRD

Three Star Instructor, the prescribed physical conditioning and watermanship

evaluation of the PTRD Country Partner;

5.1.5 Shall undergo a diving medical examination by a registered medical practitioner and

cleared as suitable for participation in the sport of recreational SCUBA diving in

accordance with procedures laid down by the PTRD Country Partner prior to

participating in any in-water activities; and

5.1.6 Sign the appropriate form(s) as required by the PTRD Country Partner acknowledging and

assuming the risks of SCUBA diving prior to participating in any in-water activities.

5.2 The following information shall be made available to the students prior to, or during the first class

meeting.

5.2.1 Information prior to provision of the service

The service provider shall provide the following information to the client.

 contractual issues including conditions bearing on the signature, delivery and termination of the contract,

 prerequisites and any qualification requirements in order to obtain the service (e.g. medical certification, diver certifications),

 equipment requirements,

 costs,

 insurance requirements in accordance with national regulations,

 local environmental considerations,

 diving related legislation and legal requirements concerned with the specific kind of service.

If the service provided involves training the following additional information shall be provided:

 limitations of eventual qualification,

 scope of the training course,

 course procedures,

 means and methods for assessment, criteria for successful completion,

 that records will be kept of their personal data and these records may be passed on to a training organization.

In the case of guided dives or organized dives the following additional information shall be provided:

 information concerning the dive site, in particular hazards which could affect the safety of the dive (e.g. under-water obstructions),

 arrangements concerning buddy teams and/or group size,

 depth and/or time limitations.

5.2.2 Information during service provision

Prior to each dive or training session, clients shall have safety provisions identified to them, including:

 the identity and role of staff,

 emergency procedures,

 buddy/group assignments

 the conduct required of clients.

5.3 Risk Assessment

The service provider shall ensure that a risk assessment is conducted before each dive, and shall adopt

procedures to ensure that all risks are controlled as far as is reasonably possible. The following factors shall be considered as part of this assessment taking into account the capability of participants:

 water movement (e.g. current, wave action)

 depth,

 underwater visibility,

 pollution,

 entry/exit methods,

 restricted zones,

 suitability of the site for planned activities,

 emergency action plan.

The service provider shall have the right to prevent any client from taking part in the activity if following a risk

assessment this is deemed to be in the best interest of the client and/or of other clients.

5.4 Emergency equipment and procedures

5.4.1 Emergency equipment

For all locations where diving activities take place the service provider shall ensure the availability of:

 a first aid kit suitable for the planned diving activities,

 an emergency oxygen unit with a capacity of delivering at least 15 liters/min. of pure oxygen for at least

20 min,

 a communication system suitable for alerting emergency services.

5.4.2 Emergency procedures

At each dive site where diving activities take place a documented emergency plan comprising at least the following information shall be available:

 procedures for casualty recovery, resuscitation and evacuation,

 use of the emergency oxygen supply,

 information about the nearest medical resources (including data about the availability of a hyperbaric

recompression chamber).

  1. Requirements for certification

6.1 In order to be certified as a PTRD Two Star Instructor, the student shall:

6.1.1 Comply with all the prerequisites for participation in the training programme as

prescribed by Clause 5 of this Standard;

6.1.2 Successfully complete the theoretical assessment as provided for in Clause 10.1 of

this Standard;

6.1.3 Successfully complete the confined water assessment as provided for in Clause 10.2

of this Standard;

6.1.4 Successfully complete the open water assessment as provided for in Clause 10.3 of

this Standard;

6.1.5 Successfully complete the teaching skills assessment as provided for in Clause 10.4

of this Standard; and

6.1.6 Successfully complete the emergency procedure skills assessment as provided for in

Clause 10.4 of this Standard.

6.1.7 Scuba instructor candidates shall demonstrate to a scuba instructor-trainer skills in group control and supervision of students’ diving activities in confined water.

  1. Required theoretical knowledge and diving skills

7.1 The participant shall receive tuition in the theoretical knowledge and diving skills as prescribed in

Standard 3.9 of Chapter 3.

  1. Theoretical training parameters

8.1 The PTRD Instructor shall conform to the standard theoretical training parameters as prescribed

by Clause 4.5 of Chapter 1.

  1. Practical training parameters

9.1 The PTRD Instructor shall conform to the standard practical training parameters as prescribed

by Clause 4.6 of Chapter 1.

  1. Assessment

10.1 Knowledge

10.1.1 The student shall demonstrate to the PTRD Instructor knowledge of SCUBA diving

and of SCUBA diver training by taking and passing a written examination. This

examination shall test the following as prescribed in Chapter 3:

10.1.1.1 Theoretical knowledge of SCUBA diving;

10.1.1.2 Level of knowledge of SCUBA skills;

10.1.1.3 Level of knowledge of SCUBA diver training;

10.1.1.4 Level of knowledge of emergency procedures (first-aid and CPR, oxygen

administration, diver rescue and rescue management)

10.1.1.5 Competency in course management and quality control

10.2 Confined water SCUBA skills

10.2.1 The participant shall demonstrate to the PTRD Instructor his ability to assess

candidates of Diver grades in their ability to carry out skills in confined water.

10.3 Open water SCUBA skills

10.3.1 The participant shall demonstrate to the PTRD Instructor his ability to assess diver

candidates in carrying our skills during their open water examination dives.

10.3.2 Demonstrate their ability to instruct a group of students in selected diving

techniques in confined and open water as defined by the national Country Partner.

10.3.3 Demonstrate familiarity with the contents of the 1, 2 and 3 star Diver courses and

the ability to teach a group of students in a class room, surface and in the open

water.

10.3.4 The participant shall demonstrate to the PTRD Instructor his mastery of the teaching

skills, as prescribed in Clause 3 of Chapter 3, by playing the role of

an instructor in a structured series of actual or simulated training sessions (both in

the classroom and in the confined and open water environments) which simulate

the duties that he will be expected to fulfil once qualified.

10.4 Emergency procedure skills

10.4.1 The participant shall demonstrate to the PTRD Instructor his mastery of the

emergency procedure skills and planning, as prescribed in Clause 4 of

Chapter 3 during one or more simulated rescue exercises.

10.5 Theassessment will be made at a national Country Partner level by a panel composed of at

least one 3 Star Instructor and can be assisted by 2 Star Instructors.

  1. Certification

11.1 Upon successful completion of the training programme the participant shall be awarded with

a PTRD Two Star Instructor C-card.

 

Chapter 3

Curriculum

PTRD Two Star Instructor Training Programme

Minimum Training Programme Content

  1. Required theoretical knowledge

1.1 Subject Area 1: Introduction

1.1.1 The participant shall be provided with all such information, as provided for in Clause 4. 2 of

Chapter 1 in order to enable him to take an informed decision about his participation in the

PTRD Two Star Instructor Training Programme.

1.1.2 The participant shall be provided with the information about the PTRD as provided for in

Clause 4.3 of Chapter 1.

1.2 Subject Area 2: Advanced Diving Knowledge

1.2.1 The participant shall have knowledge of all of the theory and the skills prescribed

by the relevant PTRD Diver Training Standards andPTRD Diver Training

Programmes.

1.3 Subject Area 3: Revision of the role of the PTRD Instructor

1.3.1 The participant shall have knowledge of the following roles of a PTRD Instructor:

1.3.1.1 The PTRD Instructor as a professional

1.3.1.2 The PTRD Instructor as a leader

1.3.1.3 The PTRD Instructor as a trainer

1.3.1.4 The PTRD Instructor as an assessor of divers grades and One Star Instructor

1.3.1.5 The PTRD Instructor as a first aid and a rescue manager

1.3.1.6 The PTRD Instructor as an Instructional Assistant to a PTRD Three Star Instructor

1.3.1.7 The PTRD Instructor as a role model

1.3.1.8 The PTRD Instructor as a course manager

1.4 Subject Area 4: Revision of the Theory of Learning

1.4.1 The participant shall have a professional level of knowledge of the of the theory of

training, including the following:

1.4.1.1 The learning process

1.4.1.2 The principles of learning

1.4.1.3 How people learn

1.4.1.4 Differences in the ways adults and children learn

1.5 Subject Area 5: Revision of theoretical instruction

1.5.1 The participant shall have an advanced professional level of knowledge with regard to the

following aspects of theoretical instruction:

1.5.1.1 The lecture and assessment techniques

1.5.1.2 Visual aids and other training aids

1.5.1.3 Preparation, lesson planning, lesson delivery and feedback on participant performance

1.5.1.4 Information that must be provided to a participant before or during the first class

1.5.1.5 Classroom requirements, selection and layout of a classroom

1.5.1.6 Control of participants in a classroom

1.5.1.7 Classroom safety

1.5.1.8 Other instructional techniques that can be used for theoretical instruction

1.5.1.9 Assessment of a participant’s theoretical knowledge

1.5.1.10 Counselling of participants who have problems mastering the theoretical knowledge

requirements

1.6 Subject Area 6: Revision of confined water instruction

1.6.1 The participant shall have an advanced professional level of knowledge with regard to the

following aspects of confined water instruction:

1.6.1.1 The demonstration and assessment techniques

1.6.1.2 Training aids that can be used for confined water training

1.6.1.3 Instructor, Assistants and participant’s equipment requirements for confined water training

1.6.1.4 Preparation, lesson planning, lesson delivery and feedback on participant performance

1.6.1.5 Confined water skills that are taught during the PTRD Snorkel Diver Training Programmes, the

PTRD Introductory SCUBA Experience Training Programme and the PTRD One, Two and

Three Star Diver Training Programme

1.6.1.6 Rapid problem recognition and problem solving in participant confined water skill performance

1.6.1.7 Supervision and control of participants in the confined water environment

1.6.1.8 Conducting a risk assessment for a confined water lesson

1.6.1.9 Emergency equipment and procedures for confined water training

1.6.1.10 Information that must be provided to a participant before every confined water lesson

1.6.1.11 Confined water training venue requirements, selection and placement/positioning of participants

in the confined water environment

1.6.1.12 Working with an Instructional Assistant in the confined water environment

1.6.1.13 Confined water training safety

1.6.1.14 Assessment of a participant’s confined water skills

1.6.1.15 Counselling of participants who have problems mastering the open water skill requirements

1.7 Subject Area 7: Revision of open water instruction

1.7.1 The participant shall have an advanced professional level of knowledge with regard to the

following aspects of confined water instruction:

1.7.1.1 Demonstration and assessment techniques

1.7.1.2 Training aids for in open water use

1.7.1.3 Instructor, Assistants and participant’s equipment requirements for open water training

1.7.1.4 Preparation, lesson planning, lesson delivery and feedback on participant performance

1.7.1.5 Open water skills that are taught during the PTRD Snorkel Diver Training Programmes, the

PTRD Introductory SCUBA Experience Training Programme and the PTRD One Star Diver

Training Programme

1.7.1.6 Problem recognition and problem solving in participant open water skill performance

1.7.1.7 Supervision and control of participants in the open water environment

1.7.1.8 Conducting a risk assessment for a open water lesson

1.7.1.9 Emergency equipment and procedures for open water training

1.7.1.10 Information that must be provided to a participant before every open water lesson

1.7.1.11 Open water training venue requirements, selection and placement/positioning of participants in

the confined water environment

1.7.1.12 Working with an Instructional Assistant in the open water environment

1.7.1.13 Open water training safety

1.7.1.14 Assessment of a participant’s open water skills

1.7.1.15 Counselling of participants who have problems mastering the open water skill requirements

1.8 Subject Area 8: Training requirements of the candidates that the PTRD Two Star Instructor is

authorised to certify

1.8.1 The participant shall have an extensive theoretical knowledge of the following PTRD Diver

Training Programmes with specific reference to the competencies of each level of certification,

the prerequisites for participation in the training programme, the requirements for certification as

well as the knowledge and the skill requirements for each level of certification:

1.8.1.1 PTRD One Star Snorkel Diver Training Programme

1.8.1.2 PTRD Two Star Snorkel Diver Training Programme

1.8.1.3 PTRD Three Star Snorkel Diver Training Programme

1.8.1.4 PTRD Introductory SCUBA Experience Training Programme

1.8.1.5 PTRD One Star Diver Training Programme

1.8.1.6 PTRD Two Star Diver Training Programme

1.8.1.7 PTRD Rescue Diver Training Programme

1.8.1.8 PTRD Three Star Diver Training Programme

1.8.1.9 PTRD Oxygen Administration Training Programme if allowed in local legislation

1.8.1.10 PTRD One Star Instructor Training Programme

1.9 Subject Area 9: Revision of Medical and Psychological Contraindications to Diving

1.9.1 The participant shall have an appropriate knowledge of the following:

1.9.1.1 Difference between absolute and relative contradictions

1.9.1.2 Absolute medical contraindications

1.9.1.3 Relative medical contraindications

1.9.1.4 Absolute psychological contraindications

1.9.1.5 Relative psychological contraindications

1.9.1.6 Medication and diving

1.9.1.7 Understanding and interpreting the responses on the Medical History/Statement Form used by

the PTRD Country Partner

1.10 Subject Area 10: Revision of Provision or rentalof equipment to participants or certified

divers by thePTRD Instructor or the Training Facility

1.10.1 The participant shall have appropriate knowledge with regard to the requirements that he or his

Training facility has to comply with, as prescribed in the Universal Standards and Procedures,

when providing equipment or renting equipment to participants or certified divers.

1.11 Subject Area 11: Revision of compressors and the filling of diving cylinders

1.11.1 The participant shall have an appropriate knowledge of compressor operation, including the

following:

1.11.1.1 The methods of safely filling diving cylinders with air and Nitrox

1.11.1.2 Analysing a Nitrox cylinder

1.11.1.3 The relevant local regulations concerning cylinder working pressures and testing

requirements

1.12 Subject Area 12: Diving Instruction as a professional

1.12.1 The participant shall have appropriate knowledge with regard to the following business principles:

1.12.1.1 Relationships and communication with relevant public authorities (e.g. police,

customs, rescue organisations, fire-brigade etc.)

1.12.1.2 Legal aspects of diving instruction including the instructor’s duty of care

1.12.1.3 Safety regulations affecting scuba diving service provision (e.g. regulations affecting

schools, centres, clubs, organisations etc.) in the country where the training

programme is being presented.

1.12.1.4 Instructor ethics

1.12.1.5 Sustainable use of the diving environment

1.12.1.6 The specific procedures required of the Instructor when working with the PTRD

Country Partner

.

1.13 Subject Area 13: Career development

1.13.1 The participant shall be provided with the career development information as provided for in

Clause 4.4 of Chapter 1.

  1. Required SCUBA skills

2.1 Confined water skills

2.1.1 The participant shall, after receiving tuition on the demonstration of skills to a student, be able

to competently demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor all of the confined water skills as

prescribed by the PTRD One, Two and Three Star Diver Training Programme Standards

as well as the PTRD Rescue Diver Training Programme Standard in a manner showing

the highest level of mastery and competence in the confined water environment to a Two

Star Instructor Level.

2.2 Open water skills

2.2.1 The participant shall, after receiving tuition on the demonstration of skills to a student, be able

to competently demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor all of the open water skills as prescribed

by the PTRD One, Two and Three Star Diver Training Programme Standards as well as

the PTRD Rescue Diver Training Programme Standard in a manner showing the highest

level of mastery and competence in the open water environmentto a Two Star Instructor

Level.

  1. Required Teaching skills

3.1 Theoretical teaching skills

3.1.1 The participant shall demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor lesson preparation, planning and

delivery of at least two (2) lectures on any of the subject areas or a part of a subject area

prescribed in the following PTRD Diver Training Standards:

3.1.1.1 PTRD Two Star Diver Training Programme

3.1.1.2 PTRD Rescue Diver Training Programme

3.1.1.3 PTRD Three Star Diver Training Programme

3.1.1.4 PTRD One Star Instructor Training Programme

3.2 Confined water teaching skills

3.2.1 The participant shall demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor lesson preparation, planning and

delivery (including briefing and debriefing), skill demonstration, group control and supervision,

problem recognition, problem solving and participant assessment for at least two (2) confined

water skills teaching presentations from the confined water skills prescribed in the following

PTRD Diver Training Standards:

3.2.1.1 Two Star Diver Training Programme

3.2.1.2 Rescue Diver Training Programme

3.2.1.3 Three Star Diver Training Programme

3.3 Open water teaching skills

3.3.1 The participant shall demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor lesson preparation, planning and

delivery (including briefing and debriefing), skill demonstration, group control and supervision,

problem recognition, problem solving and participant assessment for at least two (2) open

water skills teaching presentations from the open water skills prescribed in the in the following

PTRD Diver Training Standards:

3.3.1.1 Two Star Diver Training Programme

3.3.1.2 Rescue Diver Training Programme

3.3.1.3 Three Star Diver Training Programme

  1. Required Emergency Procedure skills

4.1 First aid skills

4.1.1 The participantshall present a current First Aid certificate

4.2 Oxygen administration skills

4.2.1 The participantshall demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor that he is competent in providing

oxygen training to a diving casualty during a simulated rescue exercise.

4.3 Rescue skills

4.3.1 The participant shall demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor that he is competent in training diver

rescue skills during a simulated rescue exercise.

 

 

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