One Star Scuba Instructor

(ISO 14413-1, CMAS 1 Star Instructor, RSTC Recreational Scuba Instructor)

(ISO 11107)

Chapter 2

Standard

PTRD One Star Instructor Training Programme

 

Basic Requirements

  1. Aim of the training programme

1.1 This training programme aims at introducing experienced PTRD Dive Leaders to the basic

concepts, principles and instructional techniques for diver education and training, which will enable

them to present certain prescribed PTRD Diver Training Programmes in a safe and competent

manner.

  1. Classification

2.1 The PTRD One Star Instructor Training Programme is classified as an intermediate -level

leadership diver training programme.

  1. Instructor and Assistant Requirements

3.1 The PTRD One Star Instructor Training Programme may be presented by any PTRD Instructor

with a minimum of a PTRD Three Star Instructor Trainer grading that complies with the requirements as

prescribed by Clause 2.1.16 of the definitions in Chapter 1.  PTRD Three Star Instructor Trainers shall be scuba instructors of senior standing and of higher qualification than a level 2 Star Master Scuba instructor and shall have received specific training in the education and development of scuba instructors.

PTRD Three Star Instructor Trainers shall have an extensive knowledge of pedagogy and relevant educational systems and shall be qualified and sanctioned by PTRD as being able to teach and evaluate scuba instructors.

PTRD Three Star Instructor Trainers may take the role of trainers or examiners of scuba instructor candidates in accordance with the procedures defined by such PTRD.

3.2 The PTRD Three Star Instructor may be assisted by a PTRD Two Star Instructor that complies

with Clause 2.1.16 of the definitions in Chapter 1.

  1. Competencies of a certified PTRD One Star Instructor

4.1 A PTRD One Star Instructor shall be trained such that, when assessed by a PTRD Three

Star Instructor, he shall be deemed to have a professional level of knowledge of diving

theory, a professional level of knowledge of theoretical, confined and open water teaching

and supervising skills, solid rescue skills, dive management and supervision abilities,

exemplary diving skills and sufficient diving experience:

4.1.1 To teach, assess and certify participants on all PTRD Snorkel Diver Training

Programmes, PTRD Intro SCUBA Diving Training Programme and PTRD

One Star Diver Training Programme in accordance with the prescribed PTRD Diver

Training Standards on their theoretical knowledge, confined and open water skills;

4.1.2 To teach, access and certify participants on their theoretical knowledge, confined and

open water skills and other practical skills on all the PTRD Speciality Diver Training

Programmes for which he himself has successfully completed the appropriate PTRD

Speciality Diver Training Programmes and/or Speciality Instructor Training

Programmes which are allowed to be presented by a PTRD One Star Instructor in

terms of the relevant PTRD Diver Training Standards.

4.1.3 To act as an Instructional Assistant to a PTRD Two Star Instructor on all the PTRD

Diver Training Programmes that a PTRD Two Star Instructor is authorised to present in

terms of the relevant PTRD Diver Training Standards.

4.2 The parameters within which the PTRD One Star Instructor is qualified to dive are those

applicable to the other diver training certifications he already holds.

  1. Prerequisites for participation in the training programme

5.1 In order to gain access to the PTRD One Star Instructor Training Programme, the

participant shall:

5.1.1 Be at least eighteen (18) years of age; there is no upper limit;

5.1.1 Hold the following PTRD Diver Training or equivalent certifications:

5.1.1.1 PTRD Three Star Diver Training Programme or equivalent;

5.1.1.2 PTRD BLS and CPR certification or any other equivalent first aid and CPR

certification (i.e. the term of validity of the certificate must be valid on the date of

certification as a PTRD Three Star Diver);

5.1.1.3 PTRD Oxygen Administration Training Programme or equivalent (where not

prohibited by legislation); and

5.1.2 PTRD Rescue Diver Training Programme or equivalent

5.1.3 Submit proof of at least one hundred (100) logged open water dives that shall include

night dives, limited visibility dives, deeper dives (between thirty (30) to forty (40)

meters), drift dives, dives in colder water and navigation dives;

5.1.4 Effectively demonstrate his basic watermanship ability by performing, to a PTRD

Three Star Instructor, the prescribed physical conditioning and watermanship

evaluation of the PTRD Country Partner;

5.1.5 Shall undergo a diving medical examination by a registered medical practitioner and

cleared as suitable for participation in the sport of recreational SCUBA diving in

accordance with procedures laid down by the PTRD Country Partner prior to

participating in any in-water activities; and

5.1.6 Sign the appropriate form(s) as required by the PTRD Country Partner acknowledging and

assuming the risks of SCUBA diving prior to participating in any in-water activities.

5.2 The following information shall be made available to the students prior to, or during the first class

meeting.

5.2.1 Information prior to provision of the service

The service provider shall provide the following information to the client.

 contractual issues including conditions bearing on the signature, delivery and termination of the contract,

 prerequisites and any qualification requirements in order to obtain the service (e.g. medical certification, diver certifications),

 equipment requirements,

 costs,

 insurance requirements in accordance with national regulations,

 local environmental considerations,

 diving related legislation and legal requirements concerned with the specific kind of service.

If the service provided involves training the following additional information shall be provided:

 limitations of eventual qualification,

 scope of the training course,

 course procedures,

 means and methods for assessment, criteria for successful completion,

 that records will be kept of their personal data and these records may be passed on to a training organization.

In the case of guided dives or organized dives the following additional information shall be provided:

 information concerning the dive site, in particular hazards which could affect the safety of the dive (e.g. under-water obstructions),

 arrangements concerning buddy teams and/or group size,

 depth and/or time limitations.

5.2.2 Information during service provision

Prior to each dive or training session, clients shall have safety provisions identified to them, including:

 the identity and role of staff,

 emergency procedures,

 buddy/group assignments

 the conduct required of clients.

5.3 Risk Assessment

The service provider shall ensure that a risk assessment is conducted before each dive, and shall adopt

procedures to ensure that all risks are controlled as far as is reasonably possible. The following factors shall be considered as part of this assessment taking into account the capability of participants:

 water movement (e.g. current, wave action)

 depth,

 underwater visibility,

 pollution,

 entry/exit methods,

 restricted zones,

 suitability of the site for planned activities,

 emergency action plan.

The service provider shall have the right to prevent any client from taking part in the activity if following a risk

assessment this is deemed to be in the best interest of the client and/or of other clients.

5.4 Emergency equipment and procedures

5.4.1 Emergency equipment

For all locations where diving activities take place the service provider shall ensure the availability of:

 a first aid kit suitable for the planned diving activities,

 an emergency oxygen unit with a capacity of delivering at least 15 liters/min. of pure oxygen for at least

20 min,

 a communication system suitable for alerting emergency services.

5.4.2 Emergency procedures

At each dive site where diving activities take place a documented emergency plan comprising at least the following information shall be available:

 procedures for casualty recovery, resuscitation and evacuation,

 use of the emergency oxygen supply,

 information about the nearest medical resources (including data about the availability of a hyperbaric

recompression chamber).

 

  1. Requirements for certification

6.1 In order to be certified as a PTRD One Star Instructor, the student shall:

6.1.1 Comply with all the prerequisites for participation in the training programme as prescribed by Clause 5 of this Standard;

6.1.2 Successfully complete the theoretical assessment as provided for in Clause 10.1 of this Standard;

6.1.3 Successfully complete the confined water assessment as provided for in Clause 10.2

of this Standard;

6.1.4 Successfully complete the open water assessment as provided for in Clause 10.3 of this Standard;

6.1.5 Successfully complete the teaching skills assessment as provided for in Clause 10.4

of this Standard; and

6.1.6 Successfully complete the emergency procedure skills assessment as provided for in Clause 10.5 of this Standard.

6.1.7 Scuba instructor candidates shall demonstrate to a scuba instructor-trainer skills in group control and supervision of students’ diving activities in confined water.

  1. Required theoretical knowledge and diving skills

7.1 The participant shall receive tuition in the theoretical knowledge and diving skills as prescribed in

Standard 3.8 of Chapter 3.

  1. Theoretical training parameters

8.1 The PTRD Instructor shall conform to the standard theoretical training parameters as prescribed

by Clause 4.5 of Chapter 1.

  1. Practical training parameters

9.1 The PTRD Instructor shall conform to the standard practical training parameters as prescribed

by Clause 4.6 of Chapter 1.

  1. Assessment

10.1 Knowledge

10.1.1 The student shall demonstrate to the PTRD Instructor knowledge of SCUBA diving

and of SCUBA diver training by taking and passing a written examination. This

examination shall test the following as prescribed in Chapter 3:

10.1.1.1 A professional level of theoretical knowledge of SCUBA diving;

10.1.1.2 A professional level of knowledge of SCUBA skills;

10.1.1.3 A professional level of knowledge of SCUBA diver training;

10.1.1.4 A professional level of knowledge of emergency procedures (first-aid and CPR,

oxygen administration, diver rescue and rescue management)

10.2 Confined water SCUBA skills

10.2.1 The participant shall demonstrate to the PTRD Instructor his mastery of his ability

to demonstrate the confined water SCUBA skills, as prescribed in Clause 2.1 of Chapter 3, during two (2) or more confined water lessons.

10.3 Open water SCUBA skills

10.3.1 The participant shall demonstrate to the PTRD Instructor his mastery of the open

water SCUBA skills, as prescribed in Clause 2.2.1 of Chapter 3, during

one or more of the open water training dives.

10.4 Teaching skills

10.4.1 The participant shall demonstrate to the PTRD Instructor his mastery of the teaching

skills, as prescribed in Clause 3 of Chapter 3, by playing the role of an

instructor in a structured series of actual or simulated training sessions (both in the

classroom and in the confined and open water environments) which simulate the

duties that he will be expected to fulfil once qualified.

10.5 Emergency procedure skills

10.5.1 The participant shall demonstrate to the PTRD Instructor his mastery of the

emergency procedure skills, as prescribed in Clause 4 of Chapter 3

during one or more simulated rescue exercises.

  1. Certification

11.1 Upon successful completion of the training programme the participant shall be

awarded with a PTRD One Star Instructor C-card.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3

 

Curriculum

PTRD One Star Instructor Training Programme

 

Minimum Training Programme Content

  1. Required theoretical knowledge

1.1 Subject Area 1: Introduction

1.1.1 The participant shall be provided with all such information, as provided for in Clause 4. 2 of

Chapter 1 in order to enable him to take an informed decision about his participation in the

PTRD One Star Instructor Training Programme.

1.1.2 The participant shall be provided with the information about the PTRD as provided for in

Clause 4.3 of Chapter 1.

1.2 Subject Area 2: Advanced Diving Knowledge

1.2.1 The participant shall have a professional level of knowledge of all of the theory

and the skills prescribed by the relevant PTRD Diver Training Standards for the

following PTRD Diver Training Programmes:

1.2.1.1 PTRD One Star Snorkel Diver Training Programme

1.2.1.2 PTRD Two Star Snorkel Diver Training Programme

1.2.1.3 PTRD Three Star Snorkel Diver Training Programme

1.2.1.4 PTRD Intro SCUBA DivingTraining Programme

1.2.1.5 PTRD One Star Diver Training Programme

1.2.1.6 PTRD Two Star Diver Training Programme

1.2.1.7 PTRD Three Star Diver Training Programme

1.2.1.8 PTRD Oxygen Administration Training Programme

1.2.1.9 PTRD Rescue Diver Training Programme

1.3 Subject Area 3: The role of the PTRD Instructor

1.3.1 The participant shall have a professional level of knowledge of the following roles of a

PTRD Instructor:

1.3.1.1 The PTRD Instructor as a professional

1.3.1.2 The PTRD Instructor as a leader

1.3.1.3 The PTRD Instructor as a trainer

1.3.1.4 The PTRD Instructor as an assessor

1.3.1.5 The PTRD Instructor as a councillor

1.3.1.6 The PTRD Instructor as a first responder and a rescue manager

1.3.1.7 The PTRD Instructor as an Instructional Assistant to a PTRD Two Star Instructor

1.3.1.8 The PTRD Instructor as a role model

1.4 Subject Area 4: The Theory of Learning

1.4.1 The participant shall have a professional level of knowledge of the of the theory of

training, including the following:

1.4.1.1 The learning process

1.4.1.2 The principles of learning

1.4.1.3 How people learn

1.4.2 Differences in the ways adults and children learn

1.5 Subject Area 5: Theoretical instruction

1.5.1 The participant shall have a professional level of knowledge with regard to the following aspects

of theoretical instruction:

1.5.1.1 The lecture technique

1.5.1.2 Visual aids and other training aids

1.5.1.3 Preparation, lesson planning, lesson delivery and feedback on participant performance

1.5.1.4 Information that must be provided to a participant before or during the first class

1.5.1.5 Classroom requirements, selection and layout of a classroom

1.5.1.6 Control of participants in a classroom

1.5.1.7 Classroom safety

1.5.1.8 Other instructional techniques that can be used for theoretical instruction

1.5.1.9 Assessment of a participant’s theoretical knowledge

1.5.1.10 Counselling of participants who have problems mastering the theoretical knowledge

requirements

1.6 Subject Area 6: Confined water instruction

1.6.1 The participant shall have a professional level of knowledge with regard to the following aspects

of confined water instruction. Lesson elements to be assessed shall include:

¾ preparation,

¾ planning,

¾ briefing and debriefing,

¾ group control and supervision,

¾ skill demonstration,

¾ problem recognition and solving,

¾ student evaluation.

1.6.1.1 The demonstration technique

1.6.1.2 Training aids that can be used for confined water training

1.6.1.3 Instructor, Assistants and participant’s equipment requirements for confined water training

1.6.1.4 Preparation, lesson planning, lesson delivery and feedback on participant performance

1.6.1.5 Confined water skills that are taught during the PTRD Snorkel Diver Training Programmes, the

PTRD Intro SCUBA DivingTraining Programme and the PTRD One Star Diver

Training Programme

1.6.1.6 Problem recognition and problem solving in participant confined water skill performance

1.6.1.7 Supervision and control of participants in the confined water environment

1.6.1.8 Conducting a risk assessment for a confined water lesson

1.6.1.9 Emergency equipment and procedures for confined water training

1.6.1.10 Information that must be provided to a participant before every confined water lesson

1.6.1.11 Confined water training venue requirements, selection and placement/positioning of

participants in the confined water environment

1.6.1.12 Working with an Instructional Assistant in the confined water environment

1.6.1.13 Confined water training safety

1.6.1.14 Assessment of a participant’s confined water skills

1.6.1.15 Counselling of participants who have problems mastering the Confined water skill

requirements

1.7 Subject Area 7: Open water instruction

1.7.1 The participant shall have a professional level of knowledge with regard to the following aspects

of Open water instruction. Lesson elements to be assessed shall include:

¾ preparation,

¾ planning,

¾ briefing and debriefing,

¾ group control and supervision,

¾ skill demonstration,

¾ problem recognition and solving,

¾ student evaluation.

1.7.1.1 The demonstration technique

1.7.1.2 Training aids that can be used for open water training

1.7.1.3 Instructor, Assistants and participant’s equipment requirements for open water training

1.7.1.4 Preparation, lesson planning, lesson delivery and feedback on participant performance

1.7.1.5 Open water skills that are taught during the PTRD Snorkel Diver Training Programmes, the

PTRD Intro SCUBA DivingTraining Programme and the PTRD One Star Diver

Training Programme

1.7.1.6 Problem recognition and problem solving in participant open water skill performance

1.7.1.7 Supervision and control of participants in the open water environment

1.7.1.8 Conducting a risk assessment for a open water lesson

1.7.1.9 Emergency equipment and procedures for open water training

1.7.1.10 Information that must be provided to a participant before every open water lesson

1.7.1.11 Open water training venue requirements, selection and placement/positioning of participants in

the Open water environment

1.7.1.12 Working with an Instructional Assistant in the open water environment

1.7.1.13 Open water training safety

1.7.1.14 Assessment of a participant’s open water skills

1.7.1.15 Counselling of participants who have problems mastering the open water skill requirements

1.8 Subject Area 8: Training requirements of the candidates that the PTRD One Star Instructor is

authorised to certify

1.8.1 The participant shall have an extensive theoretical knowledge of the following PTRD Diver

Training Programmes with specific reference to the competencies of each level of certification,

the prerequisites for participation in the training programme, the requirements for certification as

well as the knowledge and the skill requirements for each level of certification:

1.8.1.1 PTRD One Star Snorkel Diver Training Programme

1.8.1.2 PTRD Two Star Snorkel Diver Training Programme

1.8.1.3 PTRD Three Star Snorkel Diver Training Programme

1.8.1.4 PTRD Intro SCUBA DivingTraining Programme

1.8.1.5 PTRD One Star Diver Training Programme

1.9 Subject Area 9: Medical and Psychological Contraindications to Diving

1.9.1 The participant shall have an appropriate knowledge of the following:

1.9.1.1 Difference between absolute and relative contraindications

1.9.1.2 Absolute medical contraindications

1.9.1.3 Relative medical contraindications

1.9.1.4 Absolute psychological contraindications

1.9.1.5 Relative psychological contraindications

1.9.1.6 Medication and diving

1.9.1.7 Understanding and interpreting the responses on the Medical History/Statement Form used by

the PTRD Country Partner

1.10 Subject Area 10: Provision or rental of equipment to participants or certified divers by the

PTRD Instructor or the Training Facility

1.10.1 The participant shall have appropriate knowledge with regard to the requirements that he or his

Training facility has to comply with, as prescribed in the Universal Standards and Procedures,

when providing equipment or renting equipment to participants or certified divers.

1.11 Subject Area 11: Compressors and the filling of diving cylinders

1.11.1 The participant shall have an appropriate knowledge of compressor operation, including the

following:

1.11.1.1 The methods of safely filling diving cylinders with air and Nitrox

1.11.1.2 Analysing a Nitrox cylinder

1.11.1.3 The relevant local regulations concerning cylinder working pressures and testing

requirements

1.12 Subject Area 12: The Business of Diving Instruction

1.12.1 The participant shall have appropriate knowledge with regard to the following business principles:

1.12.1.1 The fundamentals of marketing

1.12.1.2 Prospecting and recruiting participants to attend PTRD Diver Training Programmes

1.12.1.3 Budgeting and costing for diver training programmes

1.12.1.4 The fundamentals of retailing

1.12.1.5 Customer relations

1.12.1.6 Relationships and communication with relevant public authorities (e.g. police,customs,

rescue organisations, fire-brigade etc.)

1.12.1.7 Legal aspects of diving instruction including the instructor’s duty of care

1.12.1.8 Safety regulations affecting scuba diving service provision (e.g. regulations affecting

schools, centres, clubs, organisations etc.) in the country where the trainingprogramme

is being presented.

1.12.1.9 Instructor ethics

1.12.1.10 Sustainable use of the diving environment

1.12.1.11 The specific procedures required of the Instructor when working with the PTRD Country Partner

.

1.13 Subject Area 13: Career development

1.13.1 The participant shall be provided with the career development information as provided for in

Clause 4.4 of Chapter 1.

  1. Required SCUBA skills

2.1 Confined water skills

2.1.1 The participant shall, after receiving tuition on the demonstration of skills to a student, be able

to competently demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor all of the confined water skills as

prescribed by the PTRD Three Star Diver Training Programme Standard in a manner

showing the highest level of mastery and competence in the confined water environment.

2.2 Open water skills

2.2.1 The participant shall, after receiving tuition on the demonstration of skills to a student, be able

to competently demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor all of the open water skills as prescribed

by the PTRD Three Star Diver Training Programme Standard in a manner showing the

highest level of mastery and competence in the open water environment.

  1. Required Teaching skills

3.1 Theoretical knowledge

3.1.1 The participant shall demonstrate to a PTRD Three Star Instructor a level of

theoretical knowledge required for this grade. This can be done through a written or

oral examination. The subject matter may be on any topic that they may need to

instruct on once qualified.

3.2 Theoretical teaching skills

3.2.1 The participant shall demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor lesson preparation, planning and

delivery of at least three (3) lectures on any of the subject areas or a part of a subject area

prescribed in the PTRD One Star Diver Standard.

3.3 Confined water teaching skills

3.3.1 The participant shall demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor lesson preparation, planning and

delivery (including briefing and debriefing), skill demonstration, group control and supervision,

problem recognition, problem solving and participant assessment for at least three (3)

confined water skills teaching presentations from the confined water skills prescribed in the

PTRD One Star Diver Standard.

3.4 Open water teaching skills

3.4.1 The participant shall demonstrate to a PTRD Three Star Instructor lesson preparation,

planning and delivery (including briefing and debriefing), skill demonstration, group control

and supervision, problem recognition, problem solving and participant assessment for at least

three (3) open water skills teaching presentations from the open water skills prescribed in the

PTRD One Star Diver Standard

  1. Required Emergency Procedure skills

4.1 First aid skills

4.1.1 The participantshall demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor that he is competent in First-Aid and

CPR during a simulated rescue exercise.

4.2 Oxygen administration skills

4.2.1 The participantshall demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor that he is competent in providing

oxygen to a diving casualty during a simulated rescue exercise.

4.3 Rescue skills

4.3.1 The participant shall demonstrate to a PTRD Instructor that he is competent in diver rescue

skills during a simulated rescue exercise. He shall be assessed with regard to at least the

following:

4.3.1.1 Recognition of emergency situations (e.g. loss of breathing gas supply, lack of response etc.)

4.3.1.2 Effective emergency surface actions

4.3.1.3 Controlled casualty recovery from depth

4.3.1.4 Effective emergency depth actions

4.3.1.5 Casualty recovery from the water

4.3.2 Rescue management, including co-ordination with emergency services in accordance with

local emergency procedures

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