Intro Scuba Diving

(ISO 11121, CMAS Introductory Scuba Experience, RSTC Introductory Scuba Experience)

Chapter 2

 

Standard

PTRD Intro Scuba Diving

  1. Aim of the training programme

1.1 This training programme aims at providing interested persons with an introductory SCUBA diving

experience, to a maximum depth of ten (12) meters under the direct supervision of a PTRD

Instructor, whilst using air as a breathing gas, in a safe manner.

 

  1. Classification

2.1 The PTRD Intro Scuba Diving Training Programme is classified as an entry-level

sport diver training programme that is commonly referred to as a “resort course”.

 

  1. Instructor and Assistant Requirements

3.1 The PTRD Intro Scuba Diving Training Programme may be presented by any PTRD

scuba instructor with a minimum of a PTRD 2 Star Master Instructor grading that complies with the

requirements as prescribed by Clause 2.1.20 of the definitions in Chapter 1.

3.2 The PTRD 2 Star Master Instructor may be assisted by a PTRD Dive Leader that complies with

Clause 2.1.21 of the definitions in Chapter 1.

 

  1. Competencies of a certified PTRD Intro Scuba Diving Diver

4.1 A PTRD Intro Scuba Diving Diver shall be trained such that when assessed

by a PTRD Instructor, he shall be deemed to have sufficient knowledge, skill and

experience to participate in an open water Intro SCUBA Diving.

4.2 A PTRD Intro Scuba DivingDiver may only dive under the direct supervision

of a PTRD Instructor and is not qualified to procure air, equipment, or any other diving

services.

 

  1. Prerequisites for participation in the training programme

5.1 In order to gain access to the PTRD One Star Diver Training Programme, the participant shall:

5.1.1 Be at least fourteen (15) years of age; there is no upper limit. Parental or

legal guardian signature is required on the appropriate form(s) when the applicant is a minor.

5.1.2 Effectively demonstrate his basic watermanship ability by performing, to a PTRD

Instructor, the prescribed physical conditioning and watermanship evaluation of the

PTRD Country Partner or PDC;

5.1.3 Complete the medical history/statement form required by the PTRD Country Partner or PDC

prior to participating in any in-water activities.

Documented evidence shall be obtained that the student has been medically screened as suitable for recreational diving by means of an appropriate questionnaire or medical examination. In any case of doubt, or at the scuba instructor’s discretion, students shall be referred to proper medical resources. If the student is not examined by a physician the student shall be obliged to confirm by signature that he or she has understood written information given by the scuba instructor on diseases and physical conditions which may pose diving related risks.

Students shall be advised of the importance of appropriate regular medical examinations.

NOTE In some countries and training organizations a medical examination is mandatory.

5.1.4 Sign the appropriate form(s) as required by the PTRD Country Partner or PDC acknowledging and

assuming the risks of SCUBA diving prior to participating in any in-water activities:

5.2 The following information shall be made available to the students prior to, or during the first class

meeting.

5.2.1 Information prior to provision of the service

The service provider shall provide the following information to the client.

 contractual issues including conditions bearing on the signature, delivery and termination of the contract,

 prerequisites and any qualification requirements in order to obtain the service (e.g. medical certification, diver certifications),

 equipment requirements,

 costs,

 insurance requirements in accordance with national regulations,

 local environmental considerations,

 diving related legislation and legal requirements concerned with the specific kind of service.

If the service provided involves training the following additional information shall be provided:

 limitations of eventual qualification,

 scope of the training course,

 course procedures,

 means and methods for assessment, criteria for successful completion,

 that records will be kept of their personal data and these records may be passed on to a training organization.

In the case of guided dives or organized dives the following additional information shall be provided:

 information concerning the dive site, in particular hazards which could affect the safety of the dive (e.g. under-water obstructions),

 arrangements concerning buddy teams and/or group size,

 depth and/or time limitations.

5.2.2 Information during service provision

Prior to each dive or training session, clients shall have safety provisions identified to them, including:

 the identity and role of staff,

 emergency procedures,

 buddy/group assignments

 the conduct required of clients.

5.3 Risk Assessment

The service provider shall ensure that a risk assessment is conducted before each dive, and shall adopt

procedures to ensure that all risks are controlled as far as is reasonably possible. The following factors shall be considered as part of this assessment taking into account the capability of participants:

 water movement (e.g. current, wave action)

 depth,

 underwater visibility,

 pollution,

 entry/exit methods,

 restricted zones,

 suitability of the site for planned activities,

 emergency action plan.

The service provider shall have the right to prevent any client from taking part in the activity if following a risk

assessment this is deemed to be in the best interest of the client and/or of other clients.

5.4 Emergency equipment and procedures

5.4.1 Emergency equipment

For all locations where diving activities take place the service provider shall ensure the availability of:

 a first aid kit suitable for the planned diving activities,

 an emergency oxygen unit with a capacity of delivering at least 15 liters/min. of pure oxygen for at least

20 min,

 a communication system suitable for alerting emergency services.

5.4.2 Emergency procedures

At each dive site where diving activities take place a documented emergency plan comprising at least the following information shall be available:

 procedures for casualty recovery, resuscitation and evacuation,

 use of the emergency oxygen supply,

 information about the nearest medical resources (including data about the availability of a hyperbaric

recompression chamber).

  1. Requirements for certification

6.1 In order to be certified as a PTRD Intro Scuba Diving , the student

shall:

6.1.1 Comply with all the prerequisites for participation in the training programme as

prescribed by Clause 5 of this Standard;

6.1.2 Successfully complete the theoretical assessment as provided for in Clause 10.1 of

this Standard;

6.1.3 Successfully complete the confined water assessment as provided for in Clause 10.2

of this Standard; and

6.1.4 Successfully complete one (1) open water training dive at depths between five (5) to

ten (12) meters with a minimum underwater duration of fifteen (15) minutes, as

provided for in Clause 10.3 of this Standard.

 

  1. Required theoretical knowledge and diving skills

7.1 The participant shall receive tuition in the theoretical knowledge and diving skills as prescribed in Chapter 3.

 

  1. Theoretical training parameters

8.1 The PTRD Instructor shall conform to the standard theoretical training parameters as prescribed

by Clause 4.5 of Chapter 1.

 

  1. Practical training parameters

9.1 General

9.1.1 Activities in shallow water (see 9.2) and open water (see 9.3) may be conducted separately or

may be combined into a single session with skills being initially introduced in shallow water before

participants are taken into deeper water.

9.1.2 The safe supervision of participants is solely the scuba instructor’s responsibility. Where

environmental conditions are less than ideal (e.g. where underwater visibility is poor or there is

significant water movement), the scuba instructor shall limit the number of participants under his/her

responsibility. The scuba instructor may also use additional aids to improve safety, e.g. ascent lines,

surface support stations or safety scuba divers. Where safety scuba divers are used, they shall have at

least a dive leader qualification.

9.2 Shallow water

9.2.1 During any in-water activities, a scuba instructor shall be present. All scuba skills shall be

directly supervised by a scuba instructor. The scuba instructor shall determine whether the participant’s

performance is satisfactory in order to proceed to deeper water.

9.2.2 Participants shall be introduced to and shall be required to demonstrate the scuba skills in

accordance with Clause 2 in Chapter 3.

9.2.3 If these skills are introduced in a swimming pool, the maximum number of participants per scuba

instructor shall be 8.

If a natural site is used for shallow water activities, the maximum number of participants shall be 4,

or when the scuba instructor is assisted by a dive leader, the maximum number of participants shall

be 6. Additional dive leaders may be used as assistants; however, no additional participants shall be

added to the responsibility of the individual scuba instructor.

9.2.4 If shallow water is not available, the instructor may conduct the skills session from a boat, dock

or other surface support station in benign conditions by using a device such as a descent line, ladder or

platform to control students’ depth that shall be within 2 m of the surface.

The ratio shall be 1:1 when using the descent line or ladder option. When the instructor is satisfied

with the participants’ skills and comfort in shallow water, they can then descend to the deeper phase

of the dive.

9.2.5 All scuba skills shall be conducted in daylight conditions.

9.3 Open water dive

9.3.1 Open water scuba dives shall be directly supervised by a scuba instructor.

9.3.2 For open water dives, the maximum number of participants per level 2 Star Master Instructor shall be 4, or when the  scuba instructor is assisted by a dive leader, the maximum number of participants shall be six. The scuba instructor shall limit the number of students where environmental conditions are less than ideal, e.g. where underwater visibility is poor or where there is significant water movement.

9.3.3 All open water dives shall be conducted during daylight conditions, at depths not to exceed 12 m

and in water that allows direct vertical access to the surface.

9.3.4 During an open water dive, the scuba instructor may delegate responsibility for direct supervision to a dive leader for the purposes of escorting participants during surface excursions and exits.

9.3.5 During open water dives, the level 2 scuba instructor shall at least be equipped with:

9.3.5.1 diving equipment:

equipment consisting of fins, mask, snorkel, demand regulator, alternative breathing gas system,

cylinder, cylinder support system, buoyancy compensator, a quick-release weight system (when

weights are needed), submersible pressure gauge, means to measure depth and time and to safely limit

exposure to inert gas and diving suit (if appropriate)

Note 1 to entry: A demand regulator can also be referred to as a regulator.

Note 2 to entry: An alternative breathing gas system could range from a simple octopus system to a duplicate

breathing system with a separate breathing gas supply.

Note 3 to entry: A submersible pressure gauge can be a breathing gas pressure monitor.

Note 4 to entry: Specific environments or activities can require additional equipment (e.g. an underwater

navigational aid, knife/cutting device).;

9.3.5.2 a dive knife/diver’s cutting tool;

9.3.5.3 an emergency signaling device.

NOTE It is considered good practice to use a surface support station with a dive flag if appropriate.

9.3.6 During open water dives, participants shall at least be equipped with diving equipment in

accordance with 9.3.5.1 except that a snorkel and a means to measure depth and time and to safely limit

exposure to inert gas are not required.

9.3.7 During any open water dive, scuba instructors shall not engage in any activities other than the

direct supervision of the participants.

9.3.8 Descents shall be conducted in a controlled manner that allows participants to equalize their air

spaces, e.g. descent following the bottom contour; along a descent line; 1:1 instructor/participant ratio.

 

  1. Assessment

10.1 Knowledge

10.1.1 The participant shall demonstrate to the PTRD Instructor knowledge of SCUBA

diving by taking an oral or written examination. As the PTRD Intro SCUBA Diver is not recognized as a certified diver this examination shall test elementary theoretical knowledge and knowledge of SCUBA skills as prescribed  in Chapter 3.

10.2 Confined water SCUBA skills

10.2.1 The participant shall demonstrate to the PTRD Instructor his mastery of the confined

water SCUBA skills, as prescribed in Clause 2.1 of  in Chapter 3, during

one or more of the confined water lessons.

10.3 Open water SCUBA skills

10.3.1 The participant shall be required to participate in one (1) Intro SCUBA Diving.

 

  1. Certification

11.1 Upon successful completion of the training programme the participant shall be awarded with

a PTRD Intro Scuba Diving C-card.

 

Chapter 3

Curriculum

Minimum Training Programme Content

  1. Required theoretical knowledge

1.1 Subject Area 1: Introduction

1.1.1 The participant shall be provided with all such information, as provided for in Clause 4. 2 of

Chapter 1 in order to enable him to take an informed decision about his participation in the

PTRD Intro Scuba Diving Training Programme.

1.1.2 The participant shall be provided with the information about the PTRD as provided for in

Clause 4.3 of Chapter 1.

1.2 Subject Area 2: Equipment

1.2.1 The participant shall be provided with introductory information on the use of the

following items of equipment.

1.2.1.1 Mask and snorkel

1.2.1.2 Fins

1.2.1.3 Exposure suit and quick release weighting system (if it is going to be used)

1.2.1.4 Buoyancy control devices

1.2.1.5 Demand regulator

1.2.1.6 Submersible pressure gauge (breathing gas monitor)

1.2.1.7 Depth gauge/depth monitor

1.2.1.8 Alternative breathing gas source

1.2.1.9 Knife/cutting device

1.3 Subject Area 3: General knowledge

1.3.1 The participant shall be provided with the following introductory information relating

to diving and the diving environment:

1.3.1.1 Reasons for:

-not holding one’s breath,

-breathing continuously during the dive

-ascending slowly.

1.3.1.2 Equalization techniques

1.3.1.3 potential local hazards (avoiding hazardous aquatic life)

1.3.1.4 Hand signals

1.3.1.5 Necessity for seeking further training and where to obtain it

1.4 Subject Area 8: Career development

1.4.1.1 The participant shall be informed of the Necessity for seeking further training and where to

obtain it.

  1. Required SCUBA skills

2.1 Confined/shallow water skills

2.1.1 The participant shall be able to demonstrate the following skills in a comfortable

and relaxed manner; each skill shall be mastered in confined water before

participating in the Intro SCUBA Diving in open water:

2.1.1.1 Diving system assembly and disassembly (at water’s edge)

2.1.1.2 Appropriate entry/exit technique

2.1.1.3 Pre-dive equipment inspection and buddy check

2.1.1.4 Proper weighting

2.1.1.5 Mask clearing

2.1.1.6 Regulator mouthpiece clearing

2.1.1.7 Regulator retrieval

2.1.1.8 Ear clearing/equalization techniques

2.1.1.9 Underwater breathing, descent and ascent technique

2.1.1.10 Swim under-water efficiently with appropriate buoyancy and attitude control

2.1.1.11 Diving system disassembly and disassembly (at water’s edge)

2.2 Open water skills

2.2.1 The participant shall be required to participate in one (1) Intro SCUBA Diving.

  1. Minimum course duration

3.1 Recommended number of sessions 3

3.2 Minimum duration: 4 hrs

  1. a) Classroom: 1½ hrs
  2. b) Confined water: 1 hrs
  3. c) Open water preparation and dive: 1½hrs

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